January 26, 2022

Science

The world of science and technology

Symbioses Are Way More Complex Than You Think!

Symbioses Are Way More Complex Than You Think!

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When we hear the term symbiosis, we tend to think about a simple partnership between two biological organisms. But in many cases, there are more than two parties involved and it’s way more complicated.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2396185/
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/353/6298/488
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/364/6445/eaaw6732/tab-pdf
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/315/5811/513.long
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/298/5598/1581.long
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00425-018-3034-3
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)31654-3#secsectitle0030
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/307/5717/1915.long
https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/pubag/downloadPDF.xhtml?id=35620&content=PDF
https://necsi.edu/mutualistic-relationships
https://projects.ncsu.edu/cals/course/ent525/close/symbiosis.html
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/353/6297/337
https://magazine.wvu.edu/stories/2017/03/20/herbarium
https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/not-one–not-two–but-three-fungi-present-in-lichen-65333
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-06/pu-ssu062719.php
https://theconversation.com/seaweed-and-sea-slugs-rely-on-toxic-bacteria-to-defend-against-predators-118579

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-of-lichen-gm512800920-87313289
Bryoria sp. and Usnea sp.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vulpinic_acid#/media/File:Vulpinic_acid_-_3D_-_Ball-and-stick_Model.png
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/wolf-lichen-growing-on-the-bark-of-pine-trees-gm1095146592-293958810
Dichanthelium lanuginosum hydrothermal-tolerant grass (Chocolate Pots, Gibbon Geyser Basin, Yellowstone, Wyoming, USA) 2
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Elysia_rufescens.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Elysia_rufescens_Réunion.jpg